A mistake that is common combining sentences utilising the – ing

A mistake that is common combining sentences utilising the – ing

Hanging Modifiers

A typical blunder whenever combining sentences with the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier such that it is certainly not logically attached to the remaining portion of the phrase. This produces a modifier that is dangling . Glance at the following example:

Running throughout the parking area, my breathing expanded shallow and ragged.

In this phrase, jogging throughout the parking area appears to alter my breathing. The sentence should be rewritten so that the subject is placed immediately after the modifier or added to the dangling phrase since breath cannot jog.

Running over the parking great deal, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences could be combined making use of an – ed verb form— stopped, finished, played. To utilize this process, among the sentences must include a form of become as a assisting verb as well as the – ed form that is verb. Take a good look at the following example:

Initial sentences: The Jones family members had been delayed by way of a traffic jam. They arrived a long time after the celebration began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by way of a traffic jam, the Jones household arrived hours that are several the celebration began.

Within the original variation, had been will act as an assisting verb —it does not have any meaning it serves a grammatical function by placing the main verb ( delayed) in the perfect tense by itself, but.

To get in touch two sentences having an – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( ended up being) in addition to topic ( the Jones family members) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This types a modifying expression ( delayed by way of a traffic jam) that may be included with the start or end for the other phrase based on which fits most readily useful. Just like the – ing modifier, be mindful to place the term that the expression modifies right after the expression to prevent a dangling modifier.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers will help streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Have a look at exactly exactly just how Naomi might make use of modifiers in her own paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to attract a match up involving the government’s choice to bail the banks out and also the results of that decision—the purchase of this mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another method that article writers utilize to mix sentences is join them making use of a general clause. a general clause is a band of terms which has a topic and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to concerns such as which one? or what type? Relative clauses start out with a relative pronoun, such as for instance whom, which, where, why, or when. See the following examples:

Initial sentences: The managing director is going to the business in a few days. He lives in Seattle.

Revised phrase: The managing manager, whom lives in Seattle, is visiting the business week that is next.

To get in touch two ninjaessays sentences utilizing a member of family clause, replacement the topic of one of several sentences ( he) for a family member pronoun ( whom). This provides you a clause that is relative who lives in Seattle) which can be put next to the noun it defines ( the managing manager). Be sure to keep carefully the phrase you intend to stress because the clause that is main. As an example, reversing the main clause and subordinate clause into the preceding phrase emphasizes where in actuality the handling manager everyday lives, maybe maybe not the reality that he could be going to the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, that is going to the company week that is next life in Seattle.

General clauses are a helpful method of supplying extra, nonessential information in a phrase. Have a look at how Naomi might incorporate clauses that are relative her essay.

Notice the way the underlined clauses that are relative be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is for the phrase.

To test the punctuation of general clauses, assess whether or perhaps not the clause are taken out of the phrase without changing its meaning. In the event that clause that is relative maybe perhaps perhaps not important to this is regarding the phrase, it ought to be put into commas. In the event that general clause is important to this is associated with the phrase, it generally does not need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is really term or number of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives to your writing is really a way that is useful of sentences which can be too quick and choppy. Take a look at the following example:

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began food that is serving hungry tourists in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised phrase: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started serving meals for hungry tourists in 1930.

When you look at the revised phrase, “the Colonel” is definitely an appositive because it renames Harland Sanders. To mix two sentences utilizing an appositive, drop the niche and verb through the phrase that renames the noun and transform it into a expression. Observe that when you look at the past instance, the appositive lies just after the noun it defines. An appositive may be put anywhere in a sentence, nonetheless it must come straight before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, had not been anticipated to win the competition.

Appositive before noun: a badly trained athlete, Scott had not been anticipated to win the battle.

Unlike general clauses, appositives will always punctuated by a comma or a collection commas. Take a good look at the way in which Naomi makes use of appositives to add extra facts in her essay.


All on your own sheet of paper, rewrite the after phrase pairs as one phrase utilising the practices you have got discovered in this part.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups could be created in another of three straight ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean could be the world’s ocean that is largest. It stretches through the Arctic when you look at the north towards the Southern Ocean within the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won gold that is eight into the 2008 Olympics. He could be a champion swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that the pair of them might have great deal in keeping.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It is then offered to companies that are chocolate-processing the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share by having a classmate and compare your responses.

Writing at your workplace

Along with sentence that is varying, start thinking about varying the kinds of sentences you’re making use of in a study or other workplace document. Many sentences are declarative, however very carefully put concern, exclamation, or demand can pique peers’ interest, whether or not the material that is subject fairly dry. Suppose a budget is being written by you analysis. Starting a rhetorical question to your report, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product product product sales?” encourages individuals to keep reading to find the answers out. Although they must certanly be used sparingly in educational and expert writing, concerns or commands work well rhetorical devices.

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